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托福之独立写作(二)

发布时间:2018-01-16 10:05:38 来源:朗阁培训中心 编辑:朗阁小编
托福之独立写作(二)

 
5.People are happier when they finish a challenging or difficult job than when they complete an easy task.
Admittedly, a growing number of people tend to claim that finishing an easy task will bring them more happiness. In their eyes, to complete an easy task needs less efforts and perseverance. As a result, they can acquire a sense of achievement frequently. In my eyes, this statement may be true. But they have oversimplified the real situation and it cannot withstand the situations. They don’t have sufficient abilities and skills to deal with difficult jobs that will inevitably exist in the future because they have never faced difficult situations which are excellent opportunities to develop one’ ability and inspire potential to deal with complicated tasks. Therefore, it is more likely for them to taste failure ultimately.
该让步段的主题句是重述对方的优点+原因+转折+强调对方的缺点/己方的优点
 
总结以上对段落的分析,为了达到使段落unity, progression and coherence的标准,可以用以下几种方式来扩写段落:
1. 主题句。主题句宾语的改写 is detrimental to /exerts effects on+题目相关的内容
2. 主题句。引用(解释)+例证
3. 主题句。同义句+例证法+因果法+对比法
4. 重述主题。原因(The reason why......is that......)
5. 重述对方的优点+原因+转折+强调对方的缺点/己方的优点
段落的扩展方法主要是在语义上的连贯性及论证方式的适当性。
 
三.练习
1. It is better to work for the company owned by someone you don’t know than the company owned by your own family. (170625)
On the one hand, working for the corporation possessed by someone you don’t know will bring you numerous benefits in your job prospect. In the first place, working for strangers’ companies means that you are able to improve your independent ability in coping with the challenges. Specifically, working for others’ companies promotes you to understand others, cooperate with others and improve your work efficiency, which means that working far away from the enterprises which your parents take in charge of allows you to bring your potential into full play. For instance, Helen, working for others’ companies instead of her father’s corporation whose main business scopes are in line with what Helen had learned in schools, learnt how to consult her colleagues politely and how to tackle the issues according to the priorities in the limited time. One day, Helen, asking her colleague how to send an email to invite their managers to attend her department meeting when her colleague was busy with the urgent financial report, was not ignored indifferently by her colleague in front of the whole colleagues. After a few days, Helen knew her colleague she had asked last week was punished because she was late for the deadlines of financial report due to Helen’s sudden interrupt. Since then Helen knew when to consult her colleagues was appropriate. It is true that working for your own family’s corporation can also assist you to address the issues independently, but you cannot be given sound advice due to the relationship of your parents. In the second place, career advancement in terms of ability in strangers’ company is relatively equal to everyone. If one worked in a company owned by his family, he would be promoted as quickly as possible.Even if he was promoted due to his considerable ability in such an occasion, his colleagues would contend that he utilized his family power to obtain what he get in his career. However, such situation would not happen in a strange company.
 
2. When you have been friends with someone for a long time, it is important to continue your friendship with that person even if he or she does something you do not like. (170401)
Being old friends means that both of your know each others’ disadvantages as well as advantages. In other words, you are fairly familiar with what you have in common and what you dislikes. Therefore, even if your old friends has done what you detest, you had better to pardon his disastrous mistakes. Mike and I, having been friends since we were five years old, have the same taste in music, clothes style and I knew him careless in daily life. After graduating from university, I created a company, specializing in export and import products in textile, where he has been in charge of business department. Last week when he had dinner with his customers, he told the customers that he made $200 annually, which the customers told me later. Although I knew his specific salary, i never told him what had happened, thus maintaining our friendships for the years to come.
 
 
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